The Account of the Watchers in 1 Enoch

The main passages in 1 Enoch describing the fall of the Watchers encompass chapters 6 through 8.  These
rather brief chapters are listed in their entirety below.  Chapter 6 reveals how the Watchers saw the beauty
of the daughters of men, and how they purposed to descend to earth, have sexual relations, and beget
children with them.  Semjaza, the leader of the Watchers, met with his brethren upon mount Hermon, and He
initiated an oath among all that they would go in unto the women and to take for themselves wives.  Verse 3
explains that Semjaza extracted this oath because he feared his fellow Watchers would abandon their plan
after he had committed some “great sin”, and he alone would end up paying the penalty.  What this great sin
is unspecified.  One may suppose that it was the act of sexually going unto a woman, but why Semjaza would
have to act before his compatriots is unclear from.  Based just on the text of 1 Enoch, the exact nature of the
great sin Semjaza had to commit  must remain at least a partial mystery.  However, as we shall see, a
complete analysis of all available material suggest that Semjaza had to sexually mate with Lilith before he
and the other Watchers could mate and bear seed with the daughters of Adam.

Chapter 7 reveals the Watchers did as they pledged upon Mount Hermon.  They went unto women and bare
giants with them.  These giants spread, and began to devour and displace mankind upon the earth.  It is at
this point that Azazel suddenly appears for the first time.  1 Enoch 8:1-2 reveals that Azazel taught men the
art of war and women the ways of harlotry.  Because of him there arose much ungodliness.  Azazel’s
corruption of man apparently greatly exceeded that of any Watcher, even that of Semjaza, who is listed after
Azazel.  Only three words are used to describe Semjaza’s feats in corrupting man.  This is in contrast to the
two whole verses dedicated to Azazel’s acts.

1 Enoch 6– 8 (translated by R. H. Charles)
    6:1. And it came to pass when the children of men had multiplied that in those days were born unto them beautiful and
    comely daughters.
    2. And the angels, the children of the heaven, saw and lusted after them, and said to one another: 'Come, let us
    choose us wives from among the children of men and beget us children.'
    3. And Semjaza, who was their leader, said unto them: 'I fear ye will not indeed agree to do this deed, and I alone shall
    have to pay the penalty of a great sin.'
    4. And they all answered him and said: 'Let us all swear an oath, and all bind ourselves by mutual imprecations not to
    abandon this plan but to do this thing.'
    5. Then sware they all together and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it.
    6. And they were in all two hundred; who descended in the days of Jared on the summit of Mount Hermon,
    and they called it Mount Hermon, because they had sworn and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it.
    7. And these are the names of their leaders: Samlazaz, their leader, Araklba, Rameel, Kokablel, Tamlel, Ramlel,
    Danel, Ezeqeel, Baraqijal, Asael, Armaros, Batarel, Ananel, Zaq1el, Samsapeel, Satarel, Turel, Jomjael, Sariel.
    8. These are their chiefs of tens.
    7:1 And all the others together with them took unto themselves wives, and each chose for himself one, and they began
    to go in unto them and to defile themselves with them, and they taught them charms and enchantments, and the
    cutting of roots, and made them acquainted with plants.
    2 And they became pregnant, and they bare great giants, whose height was three thousand ells:
    3. They consumed all the acquisitions of men.  And when men could no longer sustain them,
    4. the giants turned against them and devoured mankind.
    5. And they began to sin against birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and fish, and to devour one another's flesh, and drink
    the blood.
    6. Then the earth laid accusation against the lawless ones.
    8:1. And Azazel taught men to make swords, and knives, and shields, and breastplates, and made known to them the
    metals of the earth and the art of working them, and bracelets, and ornaments, and the use of antimony, and the
    beautifying of the eyelids, and all kinds of costly stones, and all colouring tinctures.
    2. And there arose much godlessness, and they committed fornication, and they were led astray, and became corrupt
    in all their ways.
    3. Semjaza taught enchantments, and root-cuttings, Armaros the resolving of enchantments, Baraqijal (taught)
    astrology, Kokabel the constellations, Ezeqeel the knowledge of the clouds, Araqiel the signs of the earth, Shamsiel
    the signs of the sun, and Sariel the course of the moon.
    4. And as men perished, they cried, and their cry went up to heaven

Much can be said about these critical chapters in 1 Enoch.  But first compare these passages against their
counterparts in Genesis.
Next: Account of Watchers in Genesis